USAID Impact Photo Credit: USAID and Partners

Archives for Video of the Week

Video of the Week: Mile the Corn Farmer

In Macedonia, the USAID Small Business Expansion Project is working with corn farmers on growing their businesses through increasing corn yields and connecting them with regional dairy industry leaders, who have agreed to buy livestock feed locally. The project is introducing drip irrigation on several demonstration farms as tried and tested methods of increasing production, and is also providing farmers with seeds that will produce a corn/silage ratio that both meets the needs of the dairy industry and maximize the profits of the farmers.

The Small Business Expansion Project will use these demonstration farms in its campaign to assist and encourage other corn growers in Macedonia to invest in new technology to double or triple their yields, and by doing so, grow their businesses and create new jobs.
Learn more about the Small Business Expansion Project.

Videos of the Week: U.S. Delegation Visits Syrian Refugees at Camp Islahiye, Turkey

These videos originally appeared on U.S. Department of State’s Dipnote.

On January 24, 2013, U.S. Ambassador to Syria Robert Ford, Assistant Secretary for Population, Refugees, and Migration Anne C. Richard, and USAID Assistant Administrator for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance Nancy Lindborg visited Syrian refugees in Turkey. While at the camp, the delegation had the opportunity to speak with those affected by the violence, to listen to their concerns, and to witness first-hand the ongoing humanitarian assistance efforts.

On January 29, 2013, President Obama announced additional humanitarian aid for the Syrian people.

Video of the Week: Administrator Shah’s Address to African Leadership on Child Survival Meeting

In an effort to catalyze global action for child survival, the Governments of Ethiopia, India, and the United States together with UNICEF convened the ‘Child Survival Call to Action’ in Washington, D.C. in June 2012. . Under the banner of ‘Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed‘, more than 160 governments signed a pledge to renew their commitment to child survival, to eliminate all preventable child mortality in two decades.

Video of the Week: Crowdsourcing at USAID: An Example for Aid Transparency & Open Data

Shadrock Roberts from USAID’s GeoCenter describes how crowdsourced data was leveraged for the Development Credit Authority at the 4th International Conference of Crisis Mapping (ICCM), offering important lessons learned for government institutions who want to work with crowdsourced information.

Video of the Week: Cash and Carry with the World Food Programme in Zimbabwe

In parts of Zimbabwe where market conditions allow, the World Food Programme  is arranging for cash to be given to those in need.  In this way, people make their own decisions about buying their food – and the local economy benefits too.

Video of the Week: A New Kind of Development

In 2011, USAID, JP Morgan, and the Gates, Gatsby, and Rockefeller Foundations announced a first-of-its-kind effort to invest $25 million in the African Agricultural Capital Fund, which delivers much needed growth capital to boost the productivity and profitability of Africa‘s undercapitalized agriculture sector. NUAC Farm in Northern Uganda is one of the first agribusinesses to receive financing from this fund.


Video of the Week: Reaching Farmers Where it is Needed Most

In social marketing, we know that visual learning is more likely to engender successful behavior change than many other types of learning. Traditional agricultural extension services are designed to link farmers person-to-person with new information about appropriate farming practices, when and what to plant, and how to use farm technologies. Traditionally, farming associations or other organizations will employ extension agents to visit communities and train others – thus, “showing” farmers new techniques instead of simply “telling.”

But there is a fundamental problem with this model: Too much ground to cover. Because more than 80 percent of the food produced in “developing” places is grown by smallholder farmers, extension services can be expensive, difficult to scale and to sustain.

It is critical to address these issues with whatever tools are at our disposal. One approach is the complementary use of video in a hybrid extension service. A study conducted by India-based NGO Digital Green (originally a Microsoft Research pilot) concluded that money spent on a video service can be up to ten times more effective than a traditional extension service, on a per adoption basis.*

So why does video work better? It’s the Swiss Army knife of communications tools. While modern extension services are highly dependent on the quality of the trainer, a video can be rehearsed until it tells its story effectively, and then used in perpetuity. That enables an organization to articulate and reinforce a message in a uniquely scalable way. Video can also provide tailored and actionable directions to illiterate farmers. Further, the savings and increased convenience for projects can be huge – in terms of human resources, training and travel time and other associated costs.

By the end of 2012, USAID’s FACET project team will have conducted low-cost video workshops for USAID implementing partners, mission staff, agribusinesses and farmer associations in seven countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Using a participatory workshop model the goal is to catalyze video usage to strengthen agricultural extension.

This photo slideshow is from FACET’s recent October workshop in Dakar, Senegal. Participants included project staff and partners from the USAID‘s Le Projet Croissance Economique, which focuses on Senegal’s agricultural growth, productivity and competitiveness.

Below is a one minute clip of a mock video put together by the FEPROMAS team, a Senegalese farming federation, during the workshop, focusing on best practices in packaging corn for the marketplace.

Read more about the workshop content.

View and download FACET’s Low-Cost Video Toolkit.

Follow @ICTforAg on Twitter and Facebook.

* Gandhi, R.; Veeraraghavan, R.; Toyama, K.; Ramprasad, V. (2009). Participant Video and Mediated Instruction for Agricultural Extension. Digital Green.

Video of the Week: Clean Cookstoves: Saving Trees and Lives in Tanzania

This video features the work of a USAID funded project “Building Actors and Leaders for Advancing Community Excellence in Development” (BALANCED). BALANCED focuses their efforts to combine sustainable livelihood generation, natural resource conservation and empowerment of women through the provision of clean cookstoves. This is just an example of one of the USAID funded population, health and environment (PHE) projects that focus on addressing development in an integrated fashion, and conserving natural resources while simultaneously improving the lives of people, especially women and children.

Video of the Week: Making All Voices Count, A Grand Challenge for Development

Today we launched Making All Voices Count: A Grand Challenge for Development (MAVC) which brings together Sweden, the UK Department for International Development (DFID), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and Omidyar Network (ON). This public-private partnership will create a $45 million fund to support innovation, scaling-up, and research that will deepen existing innovations and help harness new technologies to enable citizen engagement and government responsiveness.

This fourth Grand Challenge will seek inclusive ways to empower all citizens to voice their concerns and demands, and to improve governments’ responsiveness and accountability to those citizens. In order to build trusting relationships between citizens and government, MAVC will aim to fund collaborative efforts rather than one-sided approaches.

Video of the Week: Improving Property Rights One Mine at a Time

What started as a small pilot project in the remote mining regions of the Central African Republic (CAR) is now influencing the highest levels of government and has the potential to affect historic legal reforms that will improve land and property rights for land holders and miners throughout the region.

There are many drivers of conflict in CAR, including a lack of secure land rights for small-scale diamond mining. Mining is a sought employment because it is a good source of income, and having control over a mine means a better social and economic status. But, when the rights over mines are unclear, disputes often arise between individuals competing for access to the same piece of land.

In August 2012, the Government of CAR decided to amend its property laws with support from USAID’s Property Rights and Artisanal Diamond Development (PRADD) program. At the center of PRADD is an effort to clarify and strengthen the property rights of artisanal miners. The program was recently recognized by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet in CAR as an important source of technical authority on property rights. PRADD focuses on the mining sector, but the positive impact of the project is also driving changes in property laws that apply to land, trees and water. USAID is engaged in the reform process and is participating in a committee tasked with drafting a single land tenure code that takes into account the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure adopted by the Committee on World Food Security in May 2012. Negotiations  for law reform will begin in late 2012 or early 2013.

The origins of the PRADD program go back to 2003, when the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) was established to stop trade in “conflict diamonds,” and ensure that diamond purchases were not financing violence by rebel movements and their allies seeking to undermine legitimate governments. In 2007, in support of the U.S. Clean Diamond Trade Act (PDF), USAID initiated PRADD in CAR to support the KPCS, and started tracking and monitoring diamond sales. Immediately, the program improved the livelihoods of artisanal diamond mining communities.

Since its inception, the project has mapped 3,896 mining sites with GPS coordinates, and worked with the CAR government to publicly validate and issue property rights certificates to 2,849 mining households. The certificates, signed by the Ministry of Mines and delivered through PRADD, are not recognized under CAR’s current legal framework, but they are widely recognized as contributing to decreases in property conflict and increases in local investment. The hope is that with the government’s decision to amend its property laws, this legal gap may close completely, and the communities in CAR will have government support for basic  land ownership rights.

For more information on artisanal diamond mining and PRADD, watch the videos below (also available on USAID’s YouTube channel).

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