USAID Impact Photo Credit: USAID and Partners

Archives for USAID

Contraceptives Save and Improve Lives

Each year an estimated 74.4 million unintended pregnancies occur in the developing world; primarily among women who had an unmet need for effective contraception. Family planning programs, which provide counseling, services and contraceptive supplies, empower couples to make important decisions about the timing and spacing of their children. By choosing the healthiest times for childbirth, mothers give themselves and their children a better chance to live long, healthy lives. This week at the Women Deliver conference, I join public health professionals from around the world who are discussing family planning as one of the core strategies to save women’s lives.

A woman and her children after a family planning consultation at Kalingalinga Clinic in Lusaka, Zambia, 2009. Photo Credit: Arturo Sanabria

When we think about who plays a role in improving access to family planning, we often think of the nurses, doctors and other healthcare workers who administer contraceptives. Warehouse managers and truck drivers, on the other hand, might not immediately spring to mind. However, these individuals play a vital role in ensuring contraceptive security, which exists when every person is able to choose, obtain, and use quality contraceptives and condoms whenever he or she needs them.

On the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT we work alongside USAID and other partners every day to strengthen health programs by improving the supply chains in-country. In our work we often say “No Product. No Program.” What we mean by that is ensuring an adequate supply of contraceptives is critical to the success of family planning programs. These programs are most effective when healthcare providers have commodities on hand for women who want and need them.

In fiscal year 2012, on behalf of USAID, the project supplied a range of contraceptive methods to 45 countries, including over—

  • 751 million male condoms
  • 64.6 million oral contraceptives, and
  • 36.3 million injectables
  • 1.6 million IUD’s
  • 1 million implants

Coupled with comprehensive counseling and services, these commodities prevented an estimated 15,000 maternal deaths and 230,000 infant deaths.

Despite major gains, we know that 222 million women still have an unmet need for family planning, meaning they want to delay or avoid pregnancy but aren’t using a modern method of family planning. Meeting this need for modern contraceptives will save 79,000 mothers and 1.1 million infants. Ensuring and sustaining contraceptive availability at this scale is a substantial task that requires more effective and efficient supply chains, coordination among the public, private and NGO sectors, engagement of civil society organizations, a willingness to go beyond ‘business as usual,’ and leadership and commitment on the part of national and international partners.

Staff load family planning and other health commodities into a truck as part of the Delivery Team Topping Up system in Zimbabwe. 2009. Photo Credit: USAID | DELIVER PROJECT.

While meeting the family planning needs of women around the world happens one woman at a time, making contraceptives available to each of those women requires the concerted and coordinated efforts of individuals and organizations around the world.

View a new infographic by the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT on the important role contraceptives play in saving and improving women’s lives.

Using Science to Warn Countries About Deadly Flash Floods

Hurricane Preparedness Week is May 26 through June 1, following the release of the official forecast for the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season. This week, USAID is highlighting the work we do to help disaster-prone countries prepare for and recover from hurricanes.

Flash floods are the number one weather-related killer and the most fatal side effect of hurricanes. They kill thousands of people every year and cause millions of dollars in damage by destroying buildings and bridges, uprooting trees and overflowing rivers within mere minutes.

Flash floods occur when excess water caused by heavy and rapid rainfall from tropical storms or hurricanes cannot be quickly absorbed into the earth. This fast-moving water can be extremely powerful, reaching heights of more than 30 feet. But it takes only six inches of water to knock a person to the ground or 18 inches to float a moving car.

USAID responds to more floods than any other type of natural disaster, like this one in Trinidad, Bolivia in 2003. Photo credit: USAID

USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance recognizes that while flash floods are deadly in even the most developed countries, they can really wreak havoc in densely populated regions around the world that lack strong infrastructure. Hurricane-prone regions throughout Latin America and the Caribbean are especially vulnerable, which is why USAID works with host countries year-round to help them prepare.

Even though the onset of flash floods is almost immediate, it is possible to give up to a six hour window of advanced notice—just enough time to save lives.

The advanced warning is given through the Flash Flood Guidance System, a scientific method of accumulating rainfall data and analyzing the rate at which the ground absorbs it. USAID works closely with meteorological experts in hurricane-prone countries, training them on how this system works so that they can be on the lookout for potential flash floods. Using the system gives disaster-prone countries the opportunity to use those crucial six hours before a flash flood hits to implement emergency plans and move as many people out of harm’s way.

Six hours may seem like a lot of lead time, but it’s actually not when you’re rushing to alert remote and heavily populated villages—with limited communication—about an approaching disaster. Flash floods can’t be prevented, but USAID is committed to helping people better prepare for and recover from them. Because when it comes to saving lives and alleviating suffering, every minute counts.

Women Deliver Conference Focuses Attention to Women’s Health and Rights

During the month of May, IMPACT will be highlighting USAID’s work in Global HealthThis week we will be focusing on Family Planning. 

This week leaders and advocates from nearly 150 countries are gathering in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for Women Deliver 2013, one of the largest conferences of the decade focused on the health and wellbeing of girls and women. USAID is proud to participate in Women Deliver 2013 and highlight the Agency’s strong support and dedication to improving the health and status of women and girls across the globe. A number of our technical experts are presenting at the conference on topics covering family planning, maternal, newborn and child health, and other programming that address the needs of women and girls.

With support from USAID, Masreshah delivers reproductive health information and services to households in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. Photo Credit: Pathfinder International

The discussions in Kuala Lumpur are sparking a larger global conversation on how and why we all must work together to improve access to reproductive and maternal health.  Last night, USAID participated in the launch of WomenDeliver+Social Good, a movement that brings together social entrepreneurs and new media connectors around the world with the leaders who are shaping policies and programmes around women’s health and economic empowerment.  Watch USAID’s Health Development Officer, Judy Manning, present at the launch event where she spoke about the development of new contraceptive technologies as a solution to saving women’s and children’s lives.

Coinciding with the Women Deliver conference, USAID is highlighting our work in family planning this week on IMPACT as part of our Global Health blog series this month.  Family planning plays a critical role in meeting our goals of ending preventable child and maternal deaths and creating an AIDS Free Generation, and is crucial to improving people’s lives across the globe.  We know that family planning enables women and couples to choose the timing and spacing of their pregnancies, resulting in incredible health and economic benefits for families.  A USAID analysis found that, by preventing closely spaced births, family planning could save the lives of more than 1.6 million children under five annually.  Satisfying the global unmet need for family planning could reduce maternal deaths by 30 percent. And enabling young women and girls to avoid early pregnancy allows them to stay in school longer, increasing their economic opportunities.

Check back here all week as we highlight the importance of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5b, Universal Access to Reproductive Health.  Keep up with USAID’s participation at Women Deliver by following USAID for Global Health on Twitter for live updates and visit our webpage dedicated to the conference.

Follow USAID for Global Health (@USAIDGH) on Twitter and use #GHMatters to join in the conversation.

 

Photo of the Week: 2013 Hurricane Preparedness Week

As America saw with Hurricane Sandy, it takes just one bad storm to wreak havoc, kill and injure hundreds and inflict billions of dollars of damages. If one hurricane can do so much damage in the U.S., imagine the impact of similar storms on less developed countries.

Forecasters are predicting an active 2013 Atlantic hurricane season. During this week, we will be highlighting USAID’s work—through its Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance—to prepare disaster-prone countries and communities in Latin America and the Caribbean for hurricanes.

The photo above is of children playing in the streets of a camp for internally displaced people in Port-au-Prince, Haiti after Hurricane Tomas made landfall in November 2010. Photo is from Kendra Helmer/USAID.

Wall of Wind’ Helps USAID Test Shelters for Hurricane Relief

Hurricane Preparedness Week is May 26 through June 1, following the release of the official forecast for the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season. This week, USAID is highlighting the work we do to help disaster-prone countries prepare for and recover from hurricanes.

There is a place in Miami, Florida, where deadly, hurricane force winds can be felt year-round without the threat of destruction.  In fact, it’s a place that’s being used to help save lives.

It’s called the Wall of Wind, a cutting-edge lab at Florida International University (FIU) that can simulate hurricane conditions using 12 giant fans, stacked two high, capable of generating winds with speeds exceeding 150 miles per hour, packing the punch of a Category Five storm.

 

USAID built temporary shelters in Chile, using a combination of durable plastic sheeting and wood boards, to meet humanitarian needs in 2010. Photo credit: USAID

USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance is working with FIU to harness these hurricane force winds to test the strength and design of transitional shelters. Transitional shelters are not tents, but they’re not quite houses, either. They are a mix of the two, constructed using new and salvaged building materials to safely house people who’ve been hit hard by disasters until they secure a permanent home.

Hurricanes can be catastrophic, uprooting communities, taking out entire coastlines, and killing thousands of people in the process. Flying debris—often from pieces of roofs and homes—contributes to being one of the most deadly and destructive side effects of these storms.

This is why it’s crucial that transitional shelters are strong enough to withstand nature’s worst, and that is where the Wall of Wind comes into play. Take a look at the video, and see for yourself if a transitional shelter constructed with USAID-identified best practices could really stand up to a hurricane.

See video clip here:

The transitional shelter was blasted by wind speeds of more than 100 miles per hour—well in excess of a Category One hurricane—and remained standing.  USAID’s work with the Wall of Wind not only helps improve the quality of emergency shelters, it can also have a real impact on the way future homes and businesses are built in hurricane-prone areas.

USAID Prepares for Hurricane Season in Latin America and the Caribbean

Hurricane Preparedness Week is May 26 through June 1, following the release of the official forecast for the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season. This week, USAID is highlighting the work we do to help disaster-prone countries prepare for and recover from hurricanes.

Top forecasters are saying it could be an extremely active 2013 Atlantic hurricane season, with the National Hurricane Center on May 23 predicting that up to 20 named storms will develop this year, with between seven to 11 of the systems expected to become hurricanes.

Plastic sheeting provided by USAID helps give much needed shelter to a family in Nicaragua following Hurricane Felix in 2007. Photo Credit: Alejandro Torres/USAID

No matter how accurate the forecast turns out to be, Hurricane Sandy taught us that it only takes one major storm to kill more than 70 people in this country, injure hundreds of others, and inflict billions of dollars in damages. If one hurricane could do so much damage in the U.S., imagine the impact of similar storms on less developed countries.

USAID is prepared to meet the demands of an active hurricane season. All year, experts with USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) have been working closely with countries in Latin America and the Caribbean to make sure emergency and evacuation plans are in place. USAID has emergency stockpiles in Miami, including medical supplies, hygiene kits, shelter materials, and water purification equipment. We have the ability to charter planes in eight different countries to deliver these life-saving items quickly to countries hit hard by hurricanes. When we know a storm is coming, we can pre-position staff and relief supplies to provide immediate assistance.

But arguably, the most vital resource USAID has is its people. In addition to the 25 disaster experts USAID/OFDA has in the region, there are also about 350 consultants in 28 countries who can immediately jump into the action when a hurricane makes landfall. These consultants live in the region, so they know the country, culture and local officials and can quickly report the conditions on the ground and help USAID prioritize humanitarian needs.

USAID airlifted emergency relief supplies to the Bahamas when Hurricane Irene made landfall in 2011. Photo credit: USAID

“They are our eyes and ears, and they allow USAID to be fast, aggressive and robust in a disaster response,” said Tim Callaghan, USAID/OFDA’s Principal Regional Advisor in Latin America and the Caribbean.  ”They work to save lives and alleviate suffering.”

All this week, we will be highlighting what USAID and its partners are doing in preparation for the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season, from protecting people from deadly flash floods to teaching children in Jamaica to become the next generation of disaster experts.

USAID in the News

Cargill and National Farmers Union back Food Aid Proposal

In its “The Caucus” blog, the New York Times reports, “One of the world’s largest food companies offered its support on Wednesday for changes to the way the United States provides food aid to developing countries.” In response, USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah said: “We have seen growing momentum behind this proposal and the need to modernize our food assistance programs to address today’s challenges, become more flexible and save more lives with maximum efficiency,” he added.

 Administrator Shah on Kojo Nnamdi Show
WAMU-FM , DC, on its “The Kojo Nnamdi Show,” interviews USAID Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah. He said that for less than 1 percent of the federal budget, “we help promote American safety, security and economic prosperity in more than 80 countries around theworld.” He added He explained that USAID reaches “the world’s most vulnerable people and places to help build a more stable world with more economic prosperity, because we’ve seen time and again that that helps to improve American security, and it helps create American jobs.”
PGH Program aims to Deliver Aid Faster 
The Thompson Reuters Foundation reports on Pledge Guarantee for Health (PGH), a new public-private financial partnership that aims to decrease the lag time between donor commitment and aid disbursement, by giving aid recipients access to bridge financing. “This announcement builds on our efforts to partner with the private sector to help end preventable child death within a generation,” said USAID Administrator Raj Shah.

USAID Brings New Communications Options to Remote Communities in Northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

In late April, residents across the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) were pleasantly surprised to receive phone calls from friends and relatives living in the remote northeastern corner of the country. For the first time, the people of Niangara, in the heavily-forested Haut Uélé District of Orientale Province, have access to a cellular communications network in their isolated community. This breakthrough in communications potential is part of a public-private partnership between USAID and Vodacom Congo to pilot four low-cost and light-weight “AltoPod” base transmission stations that will provide cellular coverage in remote, conflict-affected areas of Haut Uélé and Bas Uélé Districts.

Satellite communications equipment at Niangara cellular tower site. Photo credit: Vodacom Congo

The first Vodacom pilot tower, in Niangara, went live on April 21, 2013, and will be followed in the coming days and weeks by the activation of additional towers in Bangadi, Doruma, and Ango. Each of the four towers, all partially funded by USAID, will provide a minimum of 315 square kilometers of cell phone connectivity to 1,200 mobile phone users. This project represents one of the most technologically advanced communications initiatives attempted in the DRC. While the new base transmission station technology, pioneered by the Ireland-based Altobridge company, has proven effective and profitable for mobile network operators in a handful of areas around the world with similar profiles – low population density and poor infrastructure – it is only now being tested by a mobile network operator in the DRC. Should the pilot project prove economically viable for the company, it is envisioned that Vodacom Congo or other DRC mobile network operators will branch into additional remote regions of the country currently still lacking cellular coverage.

In launching this pilot project, USAID is seeking to increase communications options in isolated corners of the DRC that have been subject to armed attacks. This expansion of cellular coverage opens the door to potential advances in a variety of different domains, including civilian protection, humanitarian response, public service delivery, and economic activity. It is up to the individual community members in each of the target sites to decide how to best make use of this new cellular connectivity to improve their daily lives. From mobile banking applications to the exchange of health-related information to increased citizen communication with government, security, and humanitarian actors – a host of new possibilities are now available for communities to consider.

More than 30,000 Fistula Repair Surgeries Supported by USAID

During the month of May, IMPACT will be highlighting USAID’s work in Global Health.

On Thursday, May 23, the world will be marking the first-ever International Day to End Obstetric Fistula, as recently designated by the United Nations General Assembly. USAID commemorates this day by celebrating a milestone in global maternal health: Over 30,000 fistula repair surgeries have been performed with U.S. support since 2005. Fistula, a devastating childbirth injury believed to affect millions of women in developing countries, can be surgically repaired up to 90% of the time. Unfortunately, most women who suffer from fistula lack access to a skilled surgeon or fully equipped health center, making treatment and prevention too often out of reach.

Fistula clients in Uganda after receiving treatment. Photo credit: Fistula Care/EngenderHealth

Ten years ago, USAID launched a global effort to both treat and prevent fistula and is today one of the largest funder of such activities worldwide. To date, through initiatives such as the EngenderHealth-led Fistula Care project, and in collaboration with local governments, regional health care organizations, faith-based organizations, and other partners, USAID has supported training and equipment for medical teams in 15 countries at 56 health facilities across Africa and Asia for fistula repair surgery. Efforts to support fistula prevention have been supported by Fistula Care at an additional 43 sites.

Obstetric fistula is an injury caused by prolonged or obstructed labor, when the head of the baby cannot pass safely through the woman’s birth canal. The baby often dies as a result, and the woman is left with an abnormal opening in the birth canal and chronic incontinence.

The hopeful part of the story is that in addition to most cases being reparable, fistula is almost entirely preventable. This is why USAID-supported projects work to improve access to routine and emergency obstetric care and cesarean deliveries for women who experience complications during labor and delivery. Together with skilled attendance at all births and access to voluntary family planning, these efforts can make fistula as rare in the developing world as it is in the United States. USAID works to engage all levels of society to raise awareness about fistula and its underlying causes, including early pregnancy, poverty, and a lack of education and empowerment for women and girls.

As the largest USAID-supported effort to both treat and prevent fistula, EngenderHealth’s Fistula Care project is committed to transform the lives of thousands more women and girls around the world.

Follow USAID for Global Health (@USAIDGH) on Twitter and use #GHMatters to join in the conversation.

ROADS II Video: Transforming Corridors of Risk into Pathways of Prevention and Hope

During the month of May, IMPACT will be highlighting USAID’s work in Global Health. From May 18-27 we will be focusing on an AIDS-Free Generation. 

Since 2005, the Regional Outreach Addressing AIDS through Development Strategies (ROADS) Project – Phases I and II - funded by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) East Africa and bilateral missions, has linked communities along transport corridors of east, central and southern Africa with critical HIV and other health services. ROADS is also helping vulnerable men, women and children reduce their vulnerability to HIV by expanding economic opportunities, improving food security, supporting community-based substance abuse counseling and working to protect women and girls from sexual exploitation and abuse. In this video, ROADS II project director Dorothy Muroki describes how the project takes an integrated approach to human development and how it is transforming corridors of risk into pathways of prevention and hope.”

Follow USAID for Global Health (@USAIDGH) on Twitter and use #GHMatters to join in the conversation.

Page 25 of 93:« First« 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 »Last »