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USAID Eases Hardships of Haiti’s Earthquake Survivors

After the January 12 earthquake in Haiti, an estimated 1.5 million people were displaced from their homes. Approximately 100,000 earthquake survivors fled Port-au-Prince to Haiti’s Central Plateau.

While the area was one of the country’s poorest regions even before the earthquake, it’s seen an influx of survivors who’ve come to live with family and friends, straining already limited resources.

To ease the hardships in the Central Plateau, USAID partner Mercy Corps is providing immediate financial assistance through cash-for-work programs for both the displaced earthquake survivors and the families who took them in.

With USAID/OFDA support, Mercy Corps is providing livelihood opportunities to 2,000 people per week in the Central Plateau. An additional 20,000 people are on track to benefit from the cash-for-work program.

These projects give a member of each household 30 days of employment on a community-selected project geared at improving infrastructure or agricultural production, such as rehabilitating roads, farmland or irrigation systems. Some have used their salary and tools from the programs to start more sustainable small businesses.

Under USAID’s Food Security Program in Haiti, Mercy Corps will also provide food vouchers to 100,000 in the Central Plateau and Lower Artibonite region. This new initiative provides grants, cash or vouchers to buy desperately needed food.

In the town of Mirebalais, Mercy Corps employs Haitians to clear debris from canals and other public spaces to mitigate flooding during hurricane season. Watch a video on this important program.

View photos of Mercy Corps’ work in Mirebalais on Facebook and Flickr.

This Week at USAID – September 13, 2010

Administrator Shah will participate in the State Department’s Conversations with America webcast series.  Dr. Shah and the president and CEO of the advocacy group ONE, David Lane, will talk about  global development opportunities and challenges on the eve of the Millennium Development Goals summit.

Agency officials will take part in the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) Foundation Annual Legislative Conference.  On the 17th, Administrator Shah will speak to CBC Africa Braintrust.  Other speakers include: Paul Weisenfield at the Forum “Haiti:  Finding the Path to Redevelopment”, Sharon Cromer at the Panel “Africa Command and U.S. Relations” and Mauricio Vera at the Minority Business Development session.  This conference is open press.

From the Field

  • In Albania, we are supporting competitiveness in the fashion industry.  USAID’s business development project will hold a series of workshops in September on competitiveness-related topics following a USAID-sponsored trip in August to the Copenhagen International Fashion Fair.  The timing of these workshops also coincides with the launch of 5 websites and other communication materials supported by USAID that will increase awareness of Albania’s garment industry and the potential for investments.
  • Also in Albania, we are opening Albania’s first Underwater Park. With the help of the U.S. Navy, Albania is sinking some of its rusting, Communist era ships off its touristic Southern coast in an effort to attract divers and tourists.  USAID’s Competitive Enterprise Development program will work with local businesses to capitalize on this unique opportunity to build marketable tourist attractions and support Albania’s tourism industry.
  • In Nepal, we are launching a five-year Countering Trafficking in Person (CTIP) program.  Coinciding with National Anti-trafficking Day, USAID’s new anti-trafficking program will be launched amidst a field-based event in a trafficking prone district. The program is designed to prevent trafficking, protect victims, and prosecute traffickers in six high-volume trafficking districts in Nepal.
  • In the Dominican Republic, the Major League Baseball Dominican Development Alliance (MLB-DDA), teamed up with the Major League Baseball Players Trust on September 9 to help provide medicine and vitamins for children, organize a network of 36 health promoters, and establish pharmacies in 20 impoverished sugar cane communities in the Barahona province. The health promoters will work to support the health and wellbeing of all community members.

USAID in the News

It was a lively week for USAID in the media as several prominent outlets featured our work in different regions of the world, showcasing the great variety of ways in which which the Agency helps bring hope to people around the globe.

National Public Radio’s “Morning Edition” featured a piece on efforts to assist in building up the civil service “surge” in Afghanistan that prominently featured Mission Director Earl Gast in Kabul and AfPak Office Acting Director Alex Their.

Fox News reported on USAID’s job-creation program for Iraq and how it benefits security. The story quoted USAID’s Mission Director in Iraq, Alex Dickie, and several beneficiaries of the program.

MarkWard, Acting Director of the Office of Disaster Assistance, took part in a round-table for Pakistani media concerning the ongoing flood response, where USAID continues to play a key role.  Among those who covered it were the Associated Press of Pakistan and the widely-read English-language Daily Times.

And Nature Medicine magazine published a full-page Q&A with Administrator Shah covering food security, agriculture, science and technology, lessons learned in Haiti and the importance of the Millennium Development Goals — a particularly timely topic in the lead-up to the crucial MDG discussions to be held at the UN General Assembly later this month.

Our First “Evidence Summit”: Tackling Tough Challenges of Counterinsurgency and Counterterrorism

Submitted by Ruth Levine, Deputy Assistant Administrator for USAID’s Bureau for Policy, Planning and Learning

Today is the launch of USAID’s first “Evidence Summit,” where scholars and practitioners will put their heads together to ensure that state-of-the-art research and evaluations are used in what we do as an Agency every day.  During the next day and a half, USAID staff, faced with making tough calls about how to design and implement development programs, will have a unique chance to learn from and share ideas with world-class scholars who are collecting and analyzing data, testing hypotheses about what works and what doesn’t, and synthesizing findings across disciplines ranging from economics to anthropology and political science.

Speakers at Panel "Learning from USAID Learning Efforts" left to right: Leah Werchick, USAID/OTI Nathanial Christie, USAID/Colombia, Angela Martin, UISAD/AFR,Harry Bader, USAID/OCR Photo Credit: USAID

Our newly launched Bureau for Policy, Planning and Learning expects to hold several such summits over the course of our first year. These summits will instill more rigor and discipline into how the development entrepreneurs at USAID chart the Agency’s future.

This first Evidence Summit focuses on one of the biggest challenges we face in this Agency:  How to make sure we’re making the most effective possible contribution to the national security goal of countering insurgency and combating terrorism.   It is hard to imagine a more timely and important set of questions than the ones being posed at this event today: How and why does radicalism emerge?  What strategies that are effective – or not – in countering the formation of terrorist organizations? And what impact does development have on the effort to counter insurgency?

The researchers at the Evidence Summit, including Dr. Eli Berman of the University of California San Diego and Dr. Jacob Shapiro of Princeton University, will bring new empirical research to help us think through these questions.  Some of these findings will force us as development practitioners to ask difficult questions about our way of doing things.

The Summit’s full conclusions will be shared in-house through briefings, video and other means.  And the results will be borne out for all to see in improved, high-impact programs in the field.

USAID in the News – August 30-September 3

USAID partnered with the Uganda Electoral Commission to post Uganda’s voter registry online.  The system is designed to make the process more accessible and transparent. East African Business Week reports the program was supported through a USAID grant to the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES).

In an interview with the Washington Post Peace Corps Director Aaron Williams cited his experience as USAID Mission Director in South Africa as providing him with the leadership tools of vision and humility.

USAID is seeking to expand its clean energy project in the Philippines as detailed in News Today Online

Saving Mothers and Newborns in Afghanistan

Submitted by the USAID Maternal and Child Health Integrated Project (MCHIP)

Every 27 minutes, a woman in Afghanistan dies from complications due to pregnancy or birth. Across the country, midwives are the frontline health care providers working day and night to save these women. Educated with USAID support, Sadiqa Husseini, 24, is among the more than 2,000 new midwives who are helping to significantly reduce Afghanistan’s maternal mortality rate, which is among the highest in the world. Sadiqa was featured in a recent BBC audio slideshow on a day in the life of an Afghan midwife. The piece is a moving portrayal that demonstrates how USAID contributes to empowering women, rebuilding essential networks of skilled health care providers, improving health care services for women and families, reducing deaths of mothers and newborns, and strengthening communities.

Sadiqa had wanted to become a midwife ever since her sister nearly bled to death giving birth to her first child. At the time, Sadiqa and other family members relied on traditional means and home remedies to try to stop the bleeding. Ultimately, Sadiqa’s sister had to be taken to a hospital some 20 kilometers away. She and her newborn daughter survived, but Sadiqa’s sister never fully recovered and had no more children. The experience had a profound impact on Sadiqa.

“When I saw this happen in my own family, I wanted to become a midwife,” Sadiqa said. “I didn’t want other women to suffer like my sister and her family.”

Najiba Fazzay, a 35-year-old Community Health Worker (far right), gives a talk on maternal health care to expectant mothers in the village of Aquachanoy near Jawjzan, Afghanistan. USAID-funded programs have helped train 8,500 community health workers in Afghanistan. CREDIT: Jhpiego

USAID’s Health Services Support Project, in partnership with the Afghan Ministry of Health, allowed Sadiqa to realize her ambition. Through the project, accredited midwifery schools have been established in nearly every province of Afghanistan. These schools, assisted by USAID with partner organization Jhpiego, provide essential training for midwives like Sadiqa, helping increase the number of trained midwives to more than 2,000 (from about 450) since the fall of the Taliban.

Local health committees are involved in identifying and selecting candidates, a unique aspect of the program that builds support for midwives who return to their communities to work. Villages and communities have directly benefited from the increase in midwives: The number of Afghan health centers that are staffed with more than one midwife has increased from 10 percent (2002) to 61 percent (2009) since USAID began focusing on maternal and child health in Afghanistan in 2003.

The success of USAID-funded projects in Afghanistan has also led to the training of 8,500 community health workers and the formation of a professional midwife’s association, which includes 1,600 members. The impact of this expanded force of maternal health specialists is reflected in the increasing number of Afghan women who give birth with skilled care, a key intervention to reducing maternal and newborn deaths. According to the most recently available data, deliveries assisted by a skilled birth attendant in Afghanistan increased from 8 percent in 2003 to 19 percent in 2006.

USAID In the News — August 21 – 27

Dr. Shah’s trip to flood-ravage Pakistan received extensive coverage in regional and international media, helping to show that United States is in the forefront of the international effort to help the people of Pakistan in their hour of need.

CNN  aired a detailed piece with compelling scenes of the devastation, as well as Dr. Shah’s message of the U.S. commitment to the relief effort and beyond.  The Washington PostReuters and many others carried the news of the extra $50 million in aid  that Dr. Shah annnounced during a visit to Sukkur.

Among the South Asian media , the Associated Press of Pakistan provided consistent coverage throughout the visit, including the announcement of additional funds and a meeting with Foreign Minister Quereshi.   Among the other regional media that followed the trip closely were the Daily Times of Pakistan and Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, spoke with Federal News Radio and other media about the latest developments in the relief effort as it continued to expand.

USAID Hosts over 130 Guests for Agency’s Iftar

By Hilda Arellano, Counselor for the U.S. Agency for International Development

Last night, I was honored to stand in as host for our USAID Iftar, as our Administrator, Dr. Raj Shah, was touring the flood-affected areas of Pakistan.  An Iftar marks nightly breaking of the fast, which practicing Muslims undertake during the holy month of Ramadan.

Over 130 guests, including members of the Diplomatic Corps, White House officials, and Congressional staff came together in the Ronald Reagan Building under the theme of “Social Entrepreneurship: Supporting Communities in Changing their Condition.”

This was not my first Iftar.  For the past five years, while serving for USAID in Iraq and Egypt, I had the honor of partaking in fast-breaking celebrations that lasted upwards of 10, sometimes even 12 hours.  The joyous spirit of a community coming together for this occasion is unforgettable.  I’m proud to say our Iftar lived up to that very high precedent.

The official speakers included Special Envoy to the Organization of the Islamic Conference Rashad Hussain, Sonal Shah (from the White House Office of Social Innovation), and the Inner City Muslim Action Network’s founder Rami Nashashabi.  As we broke bread, all three shared their views on how entrepreneurship and social innovation can be harnessed, both within government and without, to have tremendous positive impact within communities.

Guests also heard from Dr. Shah, who via video message, spoke of the new programs being unveiled at USAID to help strengthen social entrepreneurship.

In addition to our terrific speakers, I had the opportunity to meet many guests who shared inspiring stories of how they are affecting change in their communities.  One of those was Moustafa Moustafa, a first year medical student at Yale who founded a group called

Update from Morocco on the Ramadan Youth Outreach Event

Submitted by Matthew Johnson

The Ramadan Youth Outreach conference is in full swing. There is so much to write about, but I want to provide a few observations from the first full day of sessions.

As I mentioned in my previous entry, the first day of the conference focused on Entrepreneurship, Employability, and Investment. There are six breakout session throughout the day. I was able to participate in a few of the sessions and found them to be fascinating.

One of the sessions I participated in was called “Acquiring the Spirit of Entrepreneurship.” The purpose of this session was to get the participants thinking creatively about solving problems. During the session, we had a few “challenges” which as a group we had to solve. Each problem seemed impossible. That is until we started to think creatively and think outside of the box.

In talking with the youth and NGOs working in Morocco, I’ve learned that opportunities are so limited for young people. Many quit school at an early age because they see no point in it. They don’t think they will be able to find a job, so why bother going to school.

That is where the spirit of entrepreneurship becomes important. There may not be a job available for many of the youth participating this week, but they are learning to create their own opportunities. One of the participants said during a breakout session, “I don’t need to wait for someone else to make things happen. If I start to make things happen myself, the others will follow me.”

After a day full of thinking and talking about entrepreneurship, I put together this short video asking a few Moroccan youth what they thought about entrepreneurship and innovation. It was interesting to hear their responses.

 

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