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Photos of the Week: USAID Response to Typhoon Haiyan

Nancy Lindbog greets a woman at the Tacloban Airport

Click on the photo above to view other photos of our assistance in the Philippines (note will direct to USAID Flickr).

Since Typhoon Haiyan, also known as Yolanda, hit the Philippines‘ coasts on November 8, USAID has been working hard with the U.S. Government to provide relief to Filipinos in affected areas. Above is pictured Assistant Administrator for USAID’s Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance Nancy Lindborg at the Tacloban Airport with a Filipino woman. Photo is from Carol Han, USAID/OFDA.

Yesterday (November 18), Nancy Lindborg announced the provision of an additional $10 million in U.S. Government (USG) humanitarian assistance for those affected byTyphoon Yolanda/Haiyan. The additional funding brings the total USG assistance for the crisis to more than $37 million. The additional $10 million will support the transportation and distribution of relief commodities to typhoon-affected populations, among other life-saving activities.

Learn more about USAID’s relief efforts and response to Typhoon Haiyan

Video of the Week: USAID Announces Additional $10 Million for Philippine Relief Effort

On November 18 at the Tacloban Airport in the Philippines, USAID Assistant Administrator Nancy Lindborg talks about “steady drumbeat” of aid from the U.S. to help those affected by Typhoon Haiyan. On the trip, Nancy will visit Tacloban and Manila to meet with senior U.S., UN, and Philippine officials. She will observe multilateral, interagency, and USAID relief operations. She will also tour distribution centers to determine additional humanitarian aid relief.

Learn more about USAID’s relief and response efforts to assist those affected by Typhoon Haiyan.

Follow @NancyLindborg on Twitter for on-the-ground updates!

Men for Others: Keeping Men Safe as They Battle Against HIV

November 19 is International Men’s Day.

Every day, the first thing I see when I walk in the office is a picture of a young dad tenderly holding his little daughter in southern Africa. She is sick and they are on their way to clinic. With her head safely snuggled on his shoulder, the solace in her soft brown eyes and round face says, “Thank you Daddy. Thank you for being here for me.”  His face, an expression of both love and deep concern, says in return, “I will always be here for you.”

He is a man for others. Although I never met him, he is a daily inspiration to me. He is like so many men (and women) I have met along our global journey to end AIDS. Men who give so much of themselves to take care of sons, daughters, partners, spouses, friends, and even strangers. These men “step up,” often facing great risks, to support those who need assistance.

A family celebrates with their child, a sign of togetherness and healthy living. Photo credit: USAID/B. Deutsch

A family celebrates with their child, a sign of togetherness and healthy living. Photo credit: USAID/B. Deutsch

Today, as we celebrate International Men’s Day, we need to “step up” for every man and boy, keeping them safe as they continue the battle against HIV.

This means prioritizing access to HIV prevention services like voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). Men and boys armed with the evidence and given access to preventive services will better protect themselves, their loved ones, and their communities. Millions of men and boys in east and southern Africa are already taking the lead through the vigorous uptake of VMMC services.

This means scaling up evidence-based structural and behavioral interventions to remove barriers to HIV services. For instance, programs that encourage men and boys to seek life-saving health services can counteract the negative influence of certain gender expectations. In addition, it is important to improve access to services for men who have sex with men by training health care workers and mobilizing communities in high stigma settings.

This means identifying more men and boys who are HIV-positive and enrolling them in quality HIV care and treatment services. We know antiretroviral treatment can give men and boys with HIV the opportunity to live longer, healthier, and more productive lives. Furthermore, men and boys on treatment can successfully suppress HIV and are less likely to transmit the virus to others.

This means continuing the search for a safe and effective HIV vaccine and possibly even a cure.

On this International Men’s Day, let’s continue our work to keep men and boys safe from HIV.  Let’s step up like that young dad in southern Africa and keep our promise to always be there for them in our fight against HIV.

USAID leads on LGBT Inclusivity: Sharing Best Practices with the Private Sector and NGOs

Last month, USAID demonstrated leadership in promoting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) inclusion through its international workplace and programming by participating in and presenting at the 2013 Out & Equal Workplace Summit. This annual conference convened over 2,000 leaders from the private and public sector as well as non-governmental organizations.

At this year’s Out & Equal Summit, USAID presented a session on “Changing the Way of Doing Business: LGBT Integration at USAID.” Staff in attendance (from left to right): Claire Lucas, Regina Jun, Matthew Emry and Anthony Cotton. Photo credit: USAID

At this year’s Out & Equal Summit, USAID presented a session on “Changing the Way of Doing Business: LGBT Integration at USAID.” Staff in attendance (from left to right): Claire Lucas, Regina Jun, Matthew Emry and Anthony Cotton. Photo credit: USAID

A recurring theme of the Summit was the need to create safe spaces for LGBT people abroad. Speakers from all over emphasized the problem: LGBT people abroad often face life-threatening discrimination, harassment, and violence at the hands of state and non-state actors, noting that approximately 80 countries still criminalize LGBT behavior (with seven imposing the death penalty). Organizations struggle to identify ways to support their LGBT employees and members of the local LGBT community when working in countries with anti-LGBT laws and norms.

To share lessons learned from USAID, I was proud to present on a panel discussion titled, “Changing the Way of Doing Business: LGBT Integration at USAID,” along with colleagues from across the Agency (Matthew Emry, Gender Advisor, Africa Bureau; Regina Jun, Senior Program Analyst & Gender Advisor, LAC Bureau; and Claire Lucas, Senior Advisor for Partnerships, IDEA). Interested audience members came from a wide spectrum, including executives from Fortune 500 companies, heads of LGBT advocacy groups, and internationally-renown experts on diversity and inclusion.

We shared:

  • The current context and challenges of promoting LGBT inclusive development in difficult operating environments;

  • The Agency’s impressive progress, including mainstreaming LGBT into USAID’s strategies and programs (such as Being LGBT in Asia);

  • USAID’s successes in improving non-discrimination policies, expanding LGBT outreach, and training our global staff; and

  • An overview of the Agency’s LGBT Global Development Partnership, a historic $12 million initiative that brings together 12 resource partners to strengthen LGBT civil society organizations, train LGBT leaders to effectively participate in democratic processes, and research the economic cost of discrimination against LGBT individuals.

A robust question and answer session followed, during which audience members applauded USAID for taking such leadership and principled stance on LGBT inclusion abroad. They demonstrated an eagerness to learn much more too. Many participants representing private companies stated that they were inspired to follow USAID’s leadership; they requested sample policy statements, copies of the LGBT training and outreach brochure, and summaries of the Agency’s LGBT programming and partnerships. Others approached USAID about future partnership opportunities that could leverage private sector resources and expertise to promote human rights and access to services for LGBT people abroad. At the end of the session, it was great to hear that people felt inspired and emboldened to push their organizations in the direction USAID is moving.

Being out at the Out & Equal Workplace Summit reminded me how far USAID has come. USAID has made bold institutional changes to policies, operations, and programming aligned with the President Obama’s Memorandum to advance the human rights of LGBT people abroad. While never forgetting that there is much more work to do, USAID should be proud of its efforts and recognize that it has taken the lead on an issue of extreme importance.

 

Access to Water Empowers Women in Morocco’s Middle Atlas

I recently returned from Outerbate, a village high in the Atlas Mountains in central Morocco, where USAID broke ground on a new water supply system. In this Amazigh, or Berber village, the water supply system is more than 80 years old and serves only a handful of the village’s 300 homes.

I met Fatima Mazrou, a woman in her late 70s, who shared, “When we look for water, we sometimes get frozen and sick because the weather can go to below 10 degrees. It takes me at least one hour lining up to get water. Water and bread are critical to our survival.”

Increased access to water changes women and girls' lives in Morocco. Photo credit: USAID

Increased access to water changes women and girls’ lives in Morocco. Photo credit: USAID

I was surprised to see that women do most of the hard work of filling buckets to provide their families with water. The challenge is that the village’s 1,200 inhabitants must fill buckets and water containers at a common tap, and the task disproportionately falls to the village’s women and girls.

During the summer months, the tap frequently runs dry. Water-related health problems are common. In the winter, this arduous trek up the mountain in freezing weather and back to the village carrying heavy pails of water leads to health problems for women, including miscarriages.

The time and work involved collecting water also means reduced primary school attendance by the village’s girls. Kuba Hamou, a sheep herder, told me that “having better access to water would eventually free women to pursue income-generating activities and help keep our daughters enrolled in school.”

Financed by USAID’s Development Grants Program, the Outerbate water system is being installed to address some of these challenges. Implemented by a local NGO, Al Kheir, the program will provide clean drinking water to every home in the village, ending the current practice of women and girls filling water containers at a common tap. With the introduction of the new system, girls’ attendance in schools should also increase and hundreds of families will have access to water and improved sanitation conditions in their homes, schools and public areas.

In addition, we have been able to work with Al Kheir in other life-improving ways. We helped the village set up a thriving artisan business selling locally produced honey and apple juice. And within Al Kheir, two young women are now on the association’s board of directors – the first time a woman or a youth has served in this capacity. Since this project began, Al Kheir has begun working with European and Japanese donors on other projects.

“None of this would have been possible without the engagement of USAID. We appreciate their support and its effects on our village,” said Haddou Maadid, Al Kheir’s president.

At the heart of USAID Forward is a belief that our results are always better when we partner directly with local institutions since they are empowered to take control of their future. In Outerbate, we are helping a village access safe water. By working directly with local partners, our assistance is amplified far beyond the water tap.

Why the Arts and Youth Matter for LGBT Global Development

Last month, I had the opportunity to join Urooj Arshad of Advocates for Youth in a conversation following a performance of The Laramie Project, Moises Kaufman’s play about Matthew Shepard at the Ford’s Theatre in Washington, DC. As I watched characters like the Muslim Bangladeshi-American university student and a skeptical university student slowly learning about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people, I was reminded of the importance of the arts and youth in international development.

USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah dances with a Family Ayara Youth Foundation dancer in a trip to Bogota, Colombia in April 2013. Photo credit: USAID

USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah dances with a Family Ayara Youth Foundation dancer in a trip to Bogota, Colombia in April 2013. Photo credit: USAID

The power of images and storytelling moves people and societies. USAID has been at the forefront of using the arts as a tool for social change in countries where we work:

  • In Lebanon, USAID supported youth in photography, painting, writing, and drama as a way to express fear about “the other” and find a way to understand those different from themselves.

  • Most recently, in Colombia, the Canal Capital television network broadcast a one-hour documentary on LGBT issues and the diversity of families in Colombia. Local television networks throughout the country are re-broadcasting this documentary, contributing to increased awareness of LGBT families in Colombia. Promoting LGBT issues is a core part of USAID’s efforts to help civil society build a culture of human rights in Colombia.

USAID’s efforts to protect and promote the rights of LGBT persons in Colombia is not unique. We take hate crimes and the vulnerability of LGBT persons seriously by focusing on the resilience and power of LGBT persons as change agents.

These efforts are part of USAID’s overall focus on inclusive development. We believe that men, boys, girls and women, persons with disabilities and the LGBT community, internally displaced persons, indigenous peoples, ethnic and religious minorities, and youth, are an integral part of the development process. USAID’s suite of policies include the first ever Agency-wide Youth in Development Policy, as well as Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy (PDF), U.S. Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender-Based Violence Globally (PDF), and U.S. Government Action Plan on Children in Adversity. Our Youth in Development policy highlights many of the challenges and opportunities facing youth as a specific population group and simultaneously emphasizes the fact that youth are not a homogeneous group.

Based on data in the U.S. and anecdotal evidence in my travels worldwide, we know that LGBT youth are at increased risk for being abandoned by their families and rejected, barred, or deterred from accessing schools, all of which undermine their ability to learn and develop the skills that are necessary for a productive life. In an online survey sponsored by Vietnam’s Center for Creative Initiatives in Health and Population showed that 77% of LGBT youth experienced verbal abuse and 44% experienced physical assault in school. 42% of these youth lost interest in school, 33% skipped school, and 6% abandoned school.

The Laramie Project and data on LGBT youth underscore the importance of ensuring marginalized youth have a voice and are able to engage in policy-making processes in their communities. Focusing on LGBT youth is critical to global development.

The data may be daunting; however, based on a track record ranging from the arts to inclusive development to human rights programming and our expertise on NGO organizational development, USAID is leading in addressing the challenge of integrating vulnerable populations, particularly youth and LGBT persons in our programming.

Strengthening the Philippines through USAID Relief

The sheer destruction caused by Typhoon Haiyan (known locally in the Philippines as Yolanda) is mind-boggling. Thousands have been killed, countless homes have been destroyed, and hundreds of thousands of Filipinos left homeless. Americans, and indeed people all over the world, have been shocked by arresting images of a destroyed landscape and desperate people whose lives have been ruptured. While nothing can undo the damage wrought by the storm, the U.S. Government has mounted a swift, large, and coordinated relief effort using all of the tools at our disposal, with USAID leading that humanitarian response.

Hospital Corpsman 3rd Class Eric Chiarito, from Hyde Park, N.Y., left, and Marine Sgt. Jonathan Thornton, from Lake Havasu, Ariz., load supplies to assist the Philippine government in response to the aftermath of Super Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda. Photo credit: U.S. Navy.

Hospital Corpsman 3rd Class Eric Chiarito, from Hyde Park, N.Y., left, and Marine Sgt. Jonathan Thornton, from Lake Havasu, Ariz., load supplies to assist the Philippine government in response to the aftermath of Super Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda. Photo credit: U.S. Navy.

While this is the fifth time since 2009 that USAID has been called to respond to a significant typhoon in the Philippines, this is by far the most devastating. It is also the first major disaster in my short tenure as Director of the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) and I have been encouraged to see how the present effort is beginning to make a tangible difference in the lives of ordinary Filipinos. As aid begins to reach tens of thousands of survivors, we are proud of our assistance to the Filipino people even as we are humbled by the breadth of the devastation. A few observations from the past week:

  • Preparedness and rapid response was critical. USAID/OFDA’s hydro-meteorological expert had sounded the alarm about the storm well in advance, and so we were able to pre-position a disaster response advance team in Manila ahead of the typhoon. That team reached Leyte Island, the epicenter of the crisis, within 24 hours of the typhoon’s passage. That team was on the first commercial vessel to reach the affected area and rapidly began to assess the areas hit by the storm and pinpoint the major priority needs. We found the immediate needs to be emergency shelter, water, and food and we have been working closely with our military colleagues to deliver much-needed assistance.

  • The damage is heartwrenching. Roughly 90 percent of structures are visibly damaged, including office buildings, hospitals, and homes. We saw severe damage to infrastructure systems, making access to water systems, communications systems, and transportation systems difficult. 
Weaker structures were totally destroyed but even hardened concrete structure suffered major damage in the ferocious storm surge.

  • Much more help will be needed. Immediately after Haiyan hit, the United States offered $20 million in humanitarian assistance, which allowed us to distribute emergency shelter kits and family hygiene kits to the region. This is enabling us to reach 20,000 families with plastic sheeting for their homes, soap, toothbrushes, toilet paper, and sanitary supplies. Additionally, with the help of World Food Program, USAID has sent 55 metric tons of food, including highly nutritious bars and paste–containing a day’s worth of calories–to nourish approximately 20,000 children and 15,000 adults for roughly four to five days.

This is a first step, and we will do more in the coming weeks to help families meet their basic needs, regroup, and begin to recover. It has been incredible to witness the unity of communities to offer help where they can. We are already beginning to see a major uptick in the volume of international aid to the Philippines as the global aid response reaches full capacity. As more and more aid from the U.S. and many others – from countries to charities to individual donors – begins to reach the Philippines, we are optimistic that the response effort is turning a corner.

Get the latest news and updates on Typhoon Haiyan.

Human Resources for Health: Foundation for Universal Health Coverage

Many USAID staff from Washington and the field gathered in Recife, Brazil this week for the 3rd Global Forum on Human Resources for Health (HRH), joining over 2,000 HRH policymakers, experts, advocates and frontline health workers from 57 countries. The Global Health Workforce Alliance convened the forum to find solutions to address the health workforce crisis. The global shortage of skilled, motivated and supported health workers is a major development challenge and a barrier to meeting health goals.  A strong HRH strategy ensures that new healthcare graduates are absorbed by the health system, and then well supervised and supported throughout their careers. Therefore, investment in HRH is essential for the delivery of high-quality health services and for countries to achieve and sustain universal health coverage (UHC).

A Yezura Zenna, or volunteer health aide, is ready to work in Ghana with his project bicycle and pharmaceutical bag.  Photo credit: James E. Phillips, courtesy of Photoshare.

A Yezura Zenna, or volunteer health aide, is ready to work in Ghana with his project bicycle and pharmaceutical bag. Photo credit: James E. Phillips, courtesy of Photoshare.

This year’s forum focused on HRH as the foundation for universal health coverage and the post-2015 agenda. USAID co-sponsored the forum and our Assistant Administrator for Global Health, Dr. Ariel Pablos-Méndez, led the U.S. Government delegation that included participants from the State Department and Health and Human Services. Many PEPFAR-supported USAID projects, including CapacityPlus, ASSIST, Leadership Management and Governance, and Health Finance and Governance also showcased their investments in human resources for health.

We took away several key lessons from our participation in the forum. Foremost, there must be better integration of HRH into the broader dialogue about health system strengthening and development goals and challenges. As Dr. Pablos-Méndez emphasized, the economic transition occurring in many countries is impacting HRH and should inform human resources planning so that health goals can be realized. Finally, we must build a new generation of leaders to help carry the HRH agenda forward.

USAID will continue to support health workforce strengthening in order to improve access to and quality of health services for the most at-need populations.  Our approach to HRH is comprehensive, focusing on the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of a country’s health workforce.  In addition to strong health systems, USAID supports the development and needs of all cadres that make up a country’s health workforce, including doctors, nurses, midwives, paraprofessionals and community health workers.

A community health worker counts the respiratory rate of a young child in Dhanusha, Nepal.  Photo credit: Dillip Chandra Poudel, courtesy of Photoshare.

A community health worker counts the respiratory rate of a young child in Dhanusha, Nepal. Photo credit: Dillip Chandra Poudel, courtesy of Photoshare.

USAID’s strong relationships with the Global Health Workforce Alliance and its members have enabled valuable collaboration on the global HRH agenda.  The notable willingness of donors and countries to join in partnership to tackle HRH challenges with country-appropriate interventions has led to a significant increase in investment for HRH at the country level.  This alignment will be instrumental in moving the HRH agenda forward in the post-2015 era.

Forest Success Stories Draw Crowd at U.N. Climate Talks in Warsaw

More than 100 people packed into the U.S. Center at U.N. climate talks in Warsaw this week to hear experts from four continents describe their successes and challenges in advancing forest conservation under emerging global policy rules to curb climate change.

Forestry and development experts from the Philippines, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Colombia and Germany talked about their progress Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), in their own countries and in other forest nations, such as Brazil.  USAID Assistant Administrator for Economic Growth, Education and Environment Eric Postel led the panel, and Trigg Talley, the Department of State’s lead U.S. negotiator at U.N. climate talks, kicked things off with some words about REDD+’s role in climate negotiations.

Victor Kabengele Wa Kadulu, National REDD+ Coordinator for the DRC answers audience questions at U.S. Center. Germany’s Christiane Ehringhaus looks on. Photo credit: USAID

Victor Kabengele Wa Kadulu, National REDD+ Coordinator for the DRC answers audience questions at U.S. Center. Germany’s Christiane Ehringhaus looks on. Photo credit: USAID

REDD+ is a policy approach that emerged from U.N. climate talks. It would provide incentives for countries and communities who reduce deforestation and related carbon emissions.

Forests are natural storehouses for carbon, and their destruction contributes as much as a sixth of the emissions causing climate change. This means forest conservation protects the global climate – in addition to watersheds, biodiversity, and livelihoods for the more than 1 billion people who depend on forests.

In Warsaw, REDD+ experts described the successes and challenges they have faced protecting forests. Victor Kabengele Wa Kadulu, National REDD+ Coordinator for the DRC, talked about deforestation pressures that cross national borders. Ivan Dario Valencia Rodriguez, from Colombia’s Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, talked about protecting remote areas sparsely populated by indigenous peoples.

Alejandrino Sibucao, from Philippines’ Department of Environment, discussed advances in mapping national forests and deforestation rates. And Christiane Ehringhaus, from Germany’s KfW Development Bank, described her work with state-level efforts to curb deforestation in Brazil.

The United States has participated in climate talks since the early 1990s. Today, 195 nations participate, and – not surprisingly – sometimes progress toward a global treaty seems slow.  But success stories coming from REDD+ can demonstrate just how much progress is happening on the ground.

Forest protection provides many benefits in addition to protecting the earth’s climate.  Gathering evidence of successful approaches for mitigating climate change has increased interest in natural carbon storehouses like forests – and in the idea of providing incentives so that people will safeguard them. This has opened up new avenues of exploration and action for forest protection – and for sharing the benefits with communities who protect them.

Video of the Week: POTUS on Typhoon Haiyan

This originally appeared on whitehouse.gov/typhoon.

On November 8, Typhoon Haiyan—known as Yolanda in the Philippines—made landfall in the central Philippines, bringing strong winds and heavy rains that have resulted in flooding, landslides, and widespread damage.

According to USAID, the storm affected an estimated 9.7 million people, and damaged or destroyed approximately 23,200 houses, as well as public infrastructure and agricultural land. Those numbers are expected to increase in the coming days as more information becomes available.

Learn more about how you can help and the Statement from USAID Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah on Super Typhoon Haiyan.

Resources:

Click on the image view USAID's latest fact sheet on response and recovery efforts.

Click on the image view USAID’s latest fact sheet on response and recovery efforts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Areas affected by Typhoon Haiyan.

Click on the map to view areas affected by Typhoon Haiyan.

 

 

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