USAID Impact Photo Credit: USAID and Partners

Archives for Energy

USAID Seizes Development Opportunities in Ukraine

I arrived in Ukraine on Columbus Day to discuss challenges in Ukraine and how our programs are addressing those issues, as well as to visit our projects to see the real impact American aid has on the ground.

On Tuesday we met with the U.S. Embassy, USAID Mission, and implementing organizations in Kyiv to discuss our programs in Ukraine, the upcoming municipal elections, and financial reform programs. Since regional issues have long torn Ukraine’s regions apart, it was interesting to see those areas where Ukrainians had common perspectives – particularly on the devastating impact of the global economic crisis (which caused Ukraine’s GDP growth to fall from +8 percent in 2007 to -15 per cent in 2009).

Roberta Mahoney and others discuss the results of the USAID Municipal Heating Reform project with city and hospital officials. Photo Credit: USAID/Ukraine

I then traveled to Crimea accompanied by the USAID Mission Director, Janina Jaruzelski, State’s Coordinator of U.S. Assistance to Europe & Eurasia (ACE), Dan Rosenblum, and several other State, USAID, and Embassy staff.

On our first morning in Crimea, we visited a number of hospitals that have received some 2,800 pieces (filling 96 trucks!) of medical equipment from a project of ACE’s Humanitarian Affairs section.

In the afternoon, we met a cross-section of young leaders in Crimea’s NGO community working to address issues from minority and prisoner rights to the media and the rights of persons with disabilities.  The group, which received leadership training through the USAID Ukrainian Strengthening Civil Society Organizations (UNITER) project, was remarkably perceptive about their capacity to influence policy and politics, the need to represent and motivate their members, and the real need to focus in sustained and creative ways on financial sustainability.

Thursday took us to a different Crimean city, Yevpatoria, where we met with the dynamic mayor about his comprehensive plan for the revitalization of the city’s economy. We then visited another hospital, this time from the outside, and watched as Ukrainian workers retrofitted the exterior of the hospital’s walls and attics with insulation with assistance from the USAID Municipal Heating Reform (MHR) project, which is also working in four other towns in Crimea.

The hospital will be able to increase heat generating efficiency in this cold region from roughly 64 to 99 percent, which will save the hospital money and improve conservation of critical resources.  Such a dramatic reduction in energy waste is one example of the positive impact MHR can have on Global Climate Change.

The highlight of the day, however, still lay ahead: meeting with NGOs and businesses devoted to promoting Crimea to the rest of the world!  We discussed the opportunities and challenges of promoting Crimean tourism with a significant representation of Crimean tourism businesses.

During a tour of the city’s oldest neighborhoods, we learned that Yevpatoria’s last multi-domed mosque was designed by Sinan, the greatest architect of the Ottoman Empire, who took inspiration from the domes of Haghia Sophia in Istanbul in creating Yevpatoria’s impressive Turkish-style mosque.  Sinan had also designed many other Istanbul mosques.

Yevpatoria is home to the Qaraim, an ancient community closely linked to Judaism that is arguably the smallest ethnic group on earth, numbering some 2,000 individuals.  During the Russian Civil War, Mr. Duvan, the town’s mayor and one of the most illustrious members of the Qaraim community who had fled the Russian Revolution for exile in France, sent a shipload of wheat to the city to help his former citizens survive.

One last stop remained — the one stop business center. Hailed as a success by the business community, citizens, and the government, the office brings all the actors together under one roof to significantly reduce the time it takes to register a new business and limit opportunities for bribery and corruption during the process. It was a fitting end to a successful visit, as we came away assured of the capacity of Crimeans to establish businesses to share the beauty, history, and bounty of the peninsula with the world, while providing hope and jobs for its citizens.

In all we’ve had a very successful visit, gaining exposure and insight to the breadth of the USAID’s program and accomplishments and the challenges that remain in Ukraine, from democracy and governance to health, energy, and the economy.

Greenhouses Changing Lives in Gaza

USAID West Bank and Gaza recently delivered and installed the first set of greenhouses to residents in the Gaza strip. The greenhouses are helping compensate for the ongoing shortage of fresh vegetables and produce in the region. They are also helping residents by providing extra income.

Mariam Mohammed Abu Jara, a 57-year old widower who lives with her three sons and two daughters, is one of the recipients of the new greenhouses.  As the greenhouse was being installed, she said “I used to plant corn and strawberries on my land and the income was barely enough for my family’s expenses. Now, I’m going to plant all types of vegetables in the greenhouse, it will be more than enough for my family and I’m going to sell the rest of the crops in the market.”

Mariam Mohammad Abu Jarad during greenhouse installation Photo Credit: Jamila Al Za’anin, Save the Children Gaza.

Many residents like Abu Jarad have struggled to make ends meet, but with the installation of the new USAID greenhouses, she and her family will benefit from access to more regular income and better sustenance.

USAID, through the Enterprise Development and Investment Promotion project (EDIP), designed the greenhouses to suit local conditions to meet the pressing humanitarian needs.  They also identified beneficiaries to receive the greenhouses, which were selected based on plot quality, farming skills, marginalization, family size, and income

Through the EDIP project, USAID has installed 86 greenhouses in Gaza.

USAID/Ukraine Promotes Energy Efficiency Month at National Municipal Forum

Submitted by Erin Concors

At a recent municipal forum event, mayors and government officials from across Ukraine thanked USAID for its work in reforming Ukraine’s heating sector. Hundreds of local and national government workers flocked to the Sixth Ukrainian Municipal Forum on Sept. 9 and 10 in Yalta. Janina Jaruzelski, Director of the USAID Regional Mission for Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova, gave opening remarks, launching the Energy Efficiency Month awareness campaign implemented by the USAID Municipal Heating Reform Project.

An ad from the Energy Efficiency Campaign in Kiev. Translation reads: You don’t know how to warm up?" Further text reads, "Close the door and the entryway -- all apartments will warm up by 2 degrees Celsius. Save Heat, Save Ukraine!"Photo Credit: USAID/Ukraine

Since February 2009, the USAID project has initiated systematic changes in Ukraine’s heating sector at the national and municipal level, and for end users. The project works closely with the Government of Ukraine and 36 municipalities across the country. Supporting the effort, the project last year launched a “Save Heat – Save Ukraine” information campaign on energy efficiency. Through public service announcements, billboards and media, the campaign encourages citizens to take an active personal role in energy conservation. It includes programs for schoolchildren in how to conserve heat and make their schools and homes more energy efficient. The campaign also promotes forming condominium owner associations as a way for citizens to better manage their utility costs.

USAID’s work in energy efficiency has very practical implications for Ukrainian cities like Kramatorsk, whose Deputy Mayor, Stanislav Zakharov, thanked USAID for its support during his presentation. Like hundreds of Ukrainian towns and cities, providing efficient district heating has been a major problem in this eastern Ukrainian municipality due to its crumbling infrastructure and lack of funding for upgrading facilities, which were built in the 1950s and 60s. The city of approximately 200,000 residents is working with USAID to develop a municipal plan to improve energy efficiency, and recently completed a comprehensive audit of its heating system, which proposed solutions for energy efficiency and service quality improvement. Based on the audit’s recommendations, the city and USAID will co-finance and modernize the municipal heating system in one of the city districts. This modernization will make about 100 residential and public buildings warmer and more comfortable for the district’s 40,000 residents – while at the same time, saving up to 15 percent of its energy consumption.

“USAID is providing support to strengthen the legal, regulatory and institutional frameworks necessary to improve heating systems, better regulate tariffs and implement measures to provide an effective social safety net, to ensure that the reform process does not leave needy Ukrainians literally out in the cold,” Jaruzelski said in her remarks.

Resetting for Clean, Efficient Energy in Russia

I am very excited to sign a Protocol of Intent on energy efficiency cooperation between USAID and the Russian Energy Agency. Russian Minister of Energy Sergei Shmatko and Secretary Chu will witness the signing. The Russian Energy Minister is here to take part in the first-ever Clean Energy Ministerial, which is being hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Working under the protocol, USAID will link U.S. and Russian utilities and regulators to share best practices and to exchange lessons learned about smart grids. I am convinced that bringing people together will accelerate development and deployment of clean energy technology. We really need it to fight climate change!

The USAID protocol is part of a larger effort aimed at fulfilling Presidents Obama and Medvedev’s commitment to jointly promote energy efficiency and clean energy. I am so pleased to be able to get this protocol in place little more than two months after I first met with Russian energy officials in Moscow back in May. I am now headed back to Russia to keep this initiative moving forward.

Read the Press Release.

 

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